By Charles Stephenson
The Italo-Ottoman conflict, as a prelude to the exceptional hostilities that will persist with, has such a lot of firsts and tips to the bleak destiny: the 1st third-dimensional struggle with aerial reconnaissance and bombing, and the 1st use of armored autos, working in live performance with traditional floor and naval forces; battle fever whipped up via the Italian press; army incompetence and stalemate; classes in how to not struggle a guerrilla struggle; mass loss of life from disorder and 10,000 extra from reprisals and executions. Thirty thousand males may die in a fight for what might defined as little greater than a scatolone di sabbia – a field of sand.
As acclaimed historian Charles Stephenson portrays during this ground-breaking research, if there's an exemplar of the futility of conflict, this is often it. except the death and the large fee to Italy (much greater than used to be initially envisaged), the most final result used to be to halve the Libyan inhabitants via emigration, famine and casualties.
The Italo-Ottoman warfare used to be a clash overshadowed via the good conflict – yet one that in lots of methods presaged the horrors to return. A field of Sand should be of significant curiosity to scholars of army background and people with an curiosity within the heritage of North Africa and the improvement of know-how in war.
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A Box of Sand: The Italo-Ottoman War 1911-1912 by Charles Stephenson